Reentry is a new focus of contemporary corrections. Elected officials are continuously looking for new ways to help prisoners with their reentry back into communities. The Second Chance Act, which authorized over $300 million for prisoner programs, was designed to help protect public safety and reduce recidivism rates. Explain the risk factors associated with prisoners returning to their communities. What program would you implement to help prisoners towards being successful with reentering their society? Would the program be the same for men and women? Be specific; you may discuss an internal or external program.
Throughout history, prison lawsuits continuously challenge inmate medical care, and the federal courts do not consider the lack of state funding as an acceptable defense. In today’s correctional environment, the most crucial issue in evaluating effectiveness is initiating cost-effective approaches. Discuss two issues Correctional Administrators face in providing quality medical care to prisoners, and suggest solutions to each issue. How would you provide adequate medical care to prisoners without increasing the correctional agency’s budget? Be specific and support your answer.
Explosions and Haz Mat incidents are low-frequency, high-risk events for a fire investigator.
Imagine you are a local municipal fire investigator. You respond to a vehicle that explodes while parked in front of the town hall. You suspect a criminal act. Name three other investigative agencies you would request to assist your investigation and state why you would call them.
During an investigation, you find that a 10-year-old boy was building small soda bottle bombs from videos he found on YouTube. Do you consider this a criminal act? Should they be treated as a terrorist? Why or why not?
Think of your hometown. What are four specific occupancies that may have large amounts of hazardous materials stored in them? These may be residences, businesses, or government buildings.
Question 1: Please review the sequence of events in the criminal justice system. Choose two (2) steps along the process and explain reforms that have occurred, or reforms that have been proposed, that would make the criminal justice process more fair. Please be sure to include any discussions of applicable Constitutional rights we have discussed in this class. Remember to cite to the text book and two scholarly sources, which would include court cases.
Question 2: A lone gunman robbed a jewelry store. The store’s video camera captured the robbery. The tape was broadcast on the internet by the local law enforcement agency. Shortly thereafter, an anonymous caller contacted the police saying she saw the footage of the robbery and reported that the robber appears to look like Aaron Suspect. He’s a 21 year-old employee at the local gas station. The next day, two police officers took the taped footage to the gas station and showed it to the manager, who reported it could be Aaron, but he was not entirely certain because the footage was grainy. The footage was also shown to Aaron’s landlord who said it could be Aaron, but she also could not say for sure. Later that day, the police officers went back to the gas station when Aaron was working. They asked the manager if they could talk with Aaron, who was called to the manager’s office. The police introduced themselves to Aaron and simply said they had some questions for him. They walked with Aaron into the manager’s office and closed the door. One police officer questioned Aaron from behind the manager’s desk, and the other officer sat near the door. Both officers were fully uniformed with their pistols visible. Aaron was positioned between them seated in a folding char. The manager’s office measures nine feet by twelve feet and has no windows. The police officers told Aaron they wanted to ask him some questions about the jewelry store robbery that occurred the day before. Aaron said he did not have any such knowledge about the robbery. He continued to deny that he had any knowledge of the robbery for approximately 30 minutes. Aaron did not ask to leave, and neither police officer specifically told Aaron he was free to leave. After the first 30 minutes of denials, the police officers told Aaron that they had a videotape of the robbery and that they had shown it to three people, all of whom positively identified Aaron as the armed robber. Aaron said nothing for a few minutes. One of the police officers then added that if Aaron were to cooperate, he would put a good word in with the prosecutor, and that she may go easy on Aaron. The police officer added that the local prison was not a good one, housed a lot of hardened criminals, and that it was a frightening place to be locked-up. Aaron then exclaimed that he did commit the robbery but that the gun was simply a child’s water pistol that only appeared real. Immediately after Aaron made that statement, the police officers informed Aaron that he was under arrest for the armed robbery of the jewelry store. The police officers read Aaron his Miranda rights. Aaron stated he understood his Miranda rights, and he told the police officers he would then remain silent. The police officers placed Aaron in handcuffs and took him to the police station where he was processed for the charge of armed robbery. If the police brought this case to you to prosecute, would you move forward with the case based on the available evidence? Discuss the case’s weak points and strong points. Be sure to comment on whether there are any violations of Aaron’s Fourth Amendment rights to be free from unreasonable search and seizure, Miranda rights, voluntariness of the confession, potential exclusion of evidence, and any other significant Constitutional issue that you believe applies.
You have been selected to be a speaker at a Professional Development Seminar. The topic of discussion is “How to protect yourself from computer crimes.”
Write a 3–4 page paper in which you:
Select a computer crime of your choice for your speech at the seminar. Imagine you have been asked to address the following items listed below. Remember that your textbook has several crimes listed in chapter one.
Explain how the selected computer crime victimizes someone.
Evaluate how vulnerable or susceptible society is today, with respect to this computer crime.
Research the Internet for a news article that discusses how this type of computer crime is being addressed by law enforcement or the criminal justice system. Select one article to answer the following:
Explain if you agree or disagree with the way the selected computer crime in your chosen article is being addressed.
Use the Strayer Library to find at least four academic resources. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites are not considered quality references.
This course requires the use of Strayer Writing Standards. For assistance and information, please refer to the Strayer Writing Standards link in the left-hand menu of your course. Check with your professor for any additional instructions. The specific course learning outcome associated with this assignment is:
Evaluate societal vulnerability to a type of computer crime and whether it is being addressed effectively.
Prompt: Submit a draft of the performance report (Section IV) of your final project. Specifically, the following critical elements must be addressed: IV. Performance Report: In this section, you will develop recommendations to improve the performanceof the organization, basing your recommendations on evidence from your performance assessment. A. Determine wherethe organization is in compliance with its organizational mission. Substantiateyour findings with evidence from your performance assessment. In other words, where is the organization complying with its stated goals to move the organization toward its mission? B. Determine wherethe organization is in noncompliance, or can improve its compliance with the organization’s mission. Substantiate your findings with evidence from your performance assessment. In other words, wherecan the organization improve in complying with its stated goals to move the organization towards its mission? C. Provide specificrecommendations to improve the organization’s performance in meeting its goals and mission. Justify your recommendations with evidence from your performance assessment. For example, you might providerecommendations to bring areas of noncompliance into compliance with the mission. D. Explain how these recommendations might be implemented in the organization. Consider the short- and long-term approach to implementing the recommendations. Consider the costs involved in implementing, staffing necessary, or whether or not policies must be created. Guidelines forSubmission: Your paper must be submitted as a 2- to 3-page Microsoft Word document with doublespacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, one-inch margins, and at least three sources cited in APA format.
Florida Re-Entry Subdivision (aka Recovery, Treatment, and Rehabilitation)
The role of the Re-entry subdivision is to provide quality programs to inmates, equipping them with the competencies necessary to become productive, crimefree members of society. In addition to the FDC organizational mission statement, the Re-entry Subdivision has its own mission, to provide the most effective rehabilitative care for inmates of any race, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, creed, national origin, or color, and to engage in research, development, and teaching programs to reduce both recidivism and dependency. This subdivision has recently been faced with some challenges, including budget constraints leading to inadequate funding for programs, overpopulation of corrections facilities, lack of sufficient staff, and a high rate of inmate recidivism. These impacts have led to a high employee turnover rate. However, the staff that has been hired has shown great motivation to learn the job, creating a positive environment in the department. Documented flexibility has shown that the department is capable of adjusting and adapting to changes effectively. • Former Offender Re-Entry Programs and Resources in Florida: https://www.recordgone.com/articles/former-offender-re-entry-programs-and-resourcesflorida.htm
Week 4 Project: Laws and Innovations
In the first week of the course, you looked at the high number of inmates in the United States. For this assignment, imagine you are a staff member working for a US senator. The senator saw your presentation and has asked you for a report explaining how this situation came about.
In a 4- to 5-page Microsoft Word document cover these points:
Describe the legislative changes that affected the lengths of sentences being handed down. You should include:
Minimum mandatory sentences
Three Strikes laws
How have these legislative changes affected the prison population in the United States?
Are the truth-in-sentencing laws and three-strike laws good innovations? Are there any drawbacks to these laws? Specifically, consider the impact of these laws on the safety of police and correctional officers.
Support your responses with examples.
Cite any sources in APA format.
Legal professionals in the criminal justice system, such as attorneys and judges, play a critical role in the criminal justice process and as such must operate within an established ethical framework. Examine the following scenarios:
You are a defense attorney who once worked for the prosecutor’s office. After law school your career plan was to work for the prosecutor’s office for ten years and then open your own private practice specializing in criminal defense. Would this pose an ethical dilemma and affect your decision-making ability while working for the prosecution? Would this pose an ethical dilemma and affect your decision-making ability while working as a defense attorney? Could working in the prosecutor’s office help you later as a defense counsel? Explain your answers.
The prosecutor discovers during depositions that the eyewitness’ line of sight was not actually sufficient for the witness to see the crime clearly. What are the prosecutor’s ethical dilemmas/responsibilities? What is more important: justice or a conviction? What if the defendant is a very bad person?
After the jury was selected, you were able to persuade your client that the plea bargain offered by the prosecutor would be in his best interest and in the interest of the criminal justice system. A trial would take unnecessary resources and the incarceration of your client would not benefit him or the system. Based on this information answer the following questions:
Is it ethical for prosecutors and attorneys to strike these types of deals?
The judge that you were scheduled to try your case before was recently re-elected. Can this judge be objective?
How would you resolve situations in which personal ethics differ from professional ethics?
What section of the ABA Professional Code of Conduct for attorneys governs situations of this type?
Read the article, “Quarantine Them beyond Their Jail Terms.”
In his article “Quarantine Them beyond Their Jail Terms,” Frank M. Ochberg suggested that some violent offenders are incurable and should be confined for life to mental hospitals. Ochberg suggests that it’s possible for states to write statutes that affect only these genuinely dangerous killers.
We’ll overlook his mistaken use of the word “jail” when he should have used “prison.” Ochberg’s suggestion wasn’t really so radical–his article was published two years after the Supreme Court decided a very similar issue. That case was Kansas v Hendricks, and portions of the majority and dissenting opinions are part of your reading for this week.
Notice that the issue in this case relates to what we discussed in Week 2. Essentially, the State of Kansas wanted to continue to confine Hendricks even after he completed his prison sentence, because the state believed he would offend again.
After reading the Hendricks case, answer the following questions:
Summarize the key issue and outcome.
How does the Hendricks case relate to Ochberg’s article?
Have any states changed their policies in the wake of the Hendricks decision?
Do you agree with the outcome? Explain why or why not.
Considering the lesson on private prisons, as well as your research, give your opinion on whether they are a good idea. Are they effective? Are there any drawbacks?
Kansas v. Hendricks, 521 U.S. 346 (1996)
Ochberg, F. M. (1999, December 5). Quarantine them beyond their jail terms.Washington Post, p.B03.
Code of Ethics for Law Enforcement Officials
As upholders and protectors of the law, it is important for all law enforcement officials to understand the ideals to strive for as well as the need for appropriate behavior. In this light, your Superintendent has asked you to prepare an eight to ten slide orientation presentation for new recruits familiarizing them with the Code of Ethics for police officers and the critical ethical issues they are likely to face as they begin their careers in the Criminal Justice field.
Prepare a Microsoft PowerPoint presentation for the new recruits. Your presentation should include:
A brief outline of the police officer’s Code of Ethics and expectations.
The pressing ethical issues in law enforcement today.
The ethical issues faced in the course of duty. Use two case examples to illustrate the typical issues faced by police officers.
A description of how to manage ethical problems in terms of your approach, the line of action, and the issues at stake.
A description of how to choose the best possible option.
A description of the responsibilities and repercussions of your action.
For more information on the ethics training of law enforcement officers, visit the following website page:
International Association of Chiefs of Police (n.d.) Ethics
Support your responses with examples.
Cite any sources in APA format.